On a human time scale, renewable energy refers to the energy that can be restored. This implies that the source of this energy will never be consumed. There are several types of renewable energy such as Solar energy, hydro energy, wind energy, biomass energy, and geothermal energy, and they can also be referred to as renewables.
On the contrary, there are certain gasses known as greenhouse gasses that when released into the atmosphere can cause climate change. Such gasses include carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and even water vapor. These gasses trap and hold heat in the environment, thereby resulting in a general rise in the average temperature of the earth, a process known as global warming/climate change. There are several other factors that contribute to global warming; the use of coal power plants to generate electricity, the use of gas-powered plants to generate electricity, also, Flaring of gas, of which Nigeria is particularly guilty, contributes significantly to climate change.
The function of Renewable energy is to reduce carbon emissions and make them have lesser or no environmental effect. And now, it (renewable energy) is getting its moment in the limelight.
The manner we utilize energy is rapidly changing, therefore, to keep global temperatures from rising, the transition to renewable energy sources must happen faster, not just in electricity generation but also in heating, construction, and transportation. Also, More Africans having access to renewable energy can help them save money on their energy bills while also lowering utility pressure and demand for fossil fuel electricity.
By 2050, renewable energy may provide one-third of the world’s power, drastically reducing carbon emissions and mitigating climate change. However, solar and wind energy must be properly combined, with sustainable bioenergy playing an important role as well.
All of this involves advancing commercial and technological innovation. Above all, it involves taking immediate steps to encourage renewable energy.